The Hau Kuahiwi was formerly found in the dry forest on the slopes of Mount Hualalai in the North Kona District of Hawai‘i Island, and now believed to be extinct in the wild and exists only as cultivated plants.
Hau Kuahiwi is the first painting of a series by the artist of flowers endemic to the Hawaiian Islands.
`Iliahi Santalum freycinetianum
'Iliahi is one of four Hawaiian species of sandalwood; it once grew in forests on all of the main Hawaiian Islands and is endemic to the Hawaiian Islands.
Once thriving throughout the islands of Hawai`i, the sandalwood trade of the late 18th to early 19th centuries nearly depleted the sandalwood forests. The `iliahi remains on the endangered species list and is rarely seen by locals or visitors.
Ma‘o Hau Hele Hibiscus Brackenridgei
The Ma‘o Hau Heleinhabits dry forest and shrubland and isendemic to all of the main Hawaiian Islands. It has five yellow petals, with a touch of maroon at their base, and a “clustered” yellow stamen.
Like many endemic flowers of Hawai‘i, this hibiscus is endangered due to competition from alien plants, habitat alteration, and introduced mammals and insects. It became officially extinct on Kaua‘i, though conservationists seek to restore it to its natural habitat.
This fragrant flower, with its five soft white petals and brilliant red and yellow stamen, is endemic to Kaua‘i, found in its natural environment on the western/northwestern part of Kaua‘i, including Waimea Canyon.
Ko ‘oloa ‘Ula Abutilon menziesii
The ko ‘oloa ‘ula is an endangered species endemic to the islands of O‘ahu, Lana‘i, Maui and Hawai‘i. The plant is found in dry to mesic lowland forests. Its beautiful small red flowers (about one inch in diameter) last a long time before wilting and were used in lei making by Hawaiians.
Koke‘e Yellow Loosestrife Lysimachia glutinosa
Lysimachia glutinosa is endemic to the Koke‘e area on the island of Kaua‘i and grows above 3,000 feet in elevation. This sweet smelling bell-shaped flower is cream colored with hints of pink and yellow and grows to approximately two inches on a small shrub less than two feet tall. The blossoms, buds and new leaves have a stickiness that make it difficult to use in decorations.